This particular project involved a patient who underwent laparoscopic surgery and suffered damage to a major organ due to incorrect placement of the trocar medical instrument. We performed an extensive literature search and retrieved publications related to the correct trocar placement during surgery.
A trocar is a medical instrument with a sharply pointed end, often three-sided, that is used inside a hollow cylinder to introduce this into blood vessels or body cavities. Trocars are also used to introduce ports in the abdomen, such as during laparoscopic surgery. Sometimes the combined trocar and introduced cannula are referred to as a trocar. The trocar is often passed inside a cannula, and functions as a portal for the subsequent placement of devices, such as a chest drain, intravenous cannula, or other devices (ref).
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